Hepatitis B Vaccination
Patients should seek advice from their employer. Students requesting Hepatitis B immunisation for occupational purposes are advised to contact the occupational Health Department at the University where provision for any immunisation will be made.
GPs do not provide an occupational health service as part of their NHS responsibility.
A vaccination to protect against tetanus is given as part of the NHS childhood vaccination programme.
The full course of the tetanus vaccination consists of five doses. The first three doses are given during early childhood. This is followed by two booster doses. The first booster dose is given at around four years of age. The second one is given 10 years later. After the full course, you should have lifelong immunity against tetanus. However, if you or your child has a deep wound, it’s best to get medical advice.
If you are not sure whether you’ve had the full course, for example because you were born in another country, contact your GP for advice.
Meningitis ACWY Vaccination
Most students have already been immumised, but if not you can be immunised against meningococcal infection which can cause meningitis and septicaemia (blood poisoning) caused by four groups of meningococcal bacteria A, C, W and Y.
The MenACWY vaccine is routinely offered to all young people who are in S3 (around 14 years of age) at school. Young people who are in S4-S6 and missed the opportunity to get immunised last year, may also get the vaccine at school this year.
The MenACWY vaccine has replaced the MenC vaccine that was previously used in the routine teenage immunisation programme in S3.
Scotland will not be running a Universities freshers programme this year. Due to the success of the MenACWY programme offered to all 14-18 year olds in Scotland during 2015/16, the majority of Scottish entrants to university will have already been immunised and therefore there isn’t a need for a specific freshers programme this year in Scotland.
Scottish university entrants starting university this Autumn and who missed the opportunity to get the vaccine last year, should contact their GP Practice who will advise them if it is clinically appropriate for their particular circumstances.
Unvaccinated students coming from other parts of the UK to study in Scotland, should make sure they get the vaccine before they travel to Scotland as there is no guarantee the MenACWY vaccine will be available at Scottish University health centres and GP practices.
International students may not have been immunised and we can provide this service. If you require to have this done please call the Practice appointment line on 0141 554 3199 and ask for a routine appointment with our Practice Nurse. Please inform the receptionists that you wish to have the Meningitis ACWY Vaccination so this can be included in the Practice Nurse’s appointment information.
For further advice please call the National Meningitis Trust on 0845 6000 800 Local, or Freephone the Meningitis Research Foundation on 080 8800 3344.
Flu (also known as influenza) is a highly infectious illness caused by the flu virus. It spreads rapidly through small droplets coughed or sneezed into the air by an infected person.
Studies have shown that flu vaccines provide effective protection against the flu, although protection may not be complete and may vary between people. Protection from the vaccine gradually decreases and flu strains change over time. Therefore, new vaccines are made each year and people at risk of flu are encouraged to be vaccinated every year.
The flu vaccination is offered to people in at-risk groups. These people are at greater risk of developing serious complications if they catch flu, such as pregnant women and elderly people.
This is also known as the pneumo jab, provides protection against pneumococcal infections.
Pneumococcal infections are caused by the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae, which is sometimes referred to as the pneumococcus bacterium. There are many different strains (types) of the bacterium that can cause a number of conditions, including:
- pneumonia – inflammation (infection) of the lungs
- septicaemia – a form of blood poisoning from an infection in the blood
- meningitis – an infection of the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord
A pneumococcal infection can affect anyone. However, some groups of people have a higher risk of the infection developing into a serious health condition. These include:
- children who are under two years of age
- adults who are 65 years of age or over
- children and adults with certain chronic (long-term) health conditions, such as a serious heart or kidney condition
Types of pneumococcal vaccine
There are two different types of pneumococcal vaccine:
- pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV): this is given to all children under two years of age as part of the childhood vaccination programme
- pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV): this is given to people who are 65 years of age or over, and people at high risk
Shingles is an infection of a nerve and the skin around it. It is caused by the same virus as chickenpox and causes painful blisters on the skin. In Scotland around 7000 people aged 70 years and over get shingles every year. There is a vaccine that can reduce your risk of getting shingles (also known as herpes zoster), or, if you do get shingles, it can reduce how serious the symptoms will be.
The shingles vaccine is given as a single injection into the upper arm. Unlike the flu jab, you’ll only need to have the vaccination once and you can have it at any time of the year.
The shingles vaccine is expected to reduce your risk of getting shingles. If you are unlucky enough to go on to have the disease, your symptoms may be milder and the illness shorter.
Shingles can be very painful and uncomfortable. Some people are left with pain lasting for years after the initial rash has healed. And shingles is fatal for around 1 in 1,000 over-70s who develop it.
It’s fine to have the shingles vaccine if you’ve already had shingles. The shingles vaccine works very well in people who have had shingles before and it will boost your immunity against further shingles attacks.
Who can have the shingles vaccination?
From September 1 2016 the shingles vaccine is routinely available to people aged 70 and 78. You become eligible for the vaccine on the first day of September 2015 after you’ve turned 70 or 76 and remain so until the last day of August 2016.
In addition, anyone who was eligible for immunisation in the first two years of the programme but has not yet been vaccinated against shingles remains eligible until their 80th birthday. This includes:
- people aged 71, 72 and 73 on 1 September 2016
- people aged 77, 78 and 79
The shingles vaccine is not available on the NHS if you are aged 80 or over.
You can have the shingles vaccination at any time of year, though many people will find it convenient to have it at the same time as their annual flu vaccination.
Pertussis/Whooping cough Immunisation for Pregnant and Post-natal women
There is a lot of Whooping cough around at the moment and babies who are too young to start their routine childhood immunisations are at greatest risk. You can help protect your unborn baby from getting whooping cough in his or her first weeks of life by having the whooping cough vaccine while you are pregnant – even if you’ve been immunised before or have had whooping cough yourself.
Whooping cough is a serious disease that can lead to pneumonia and permanent brain damage, as well as cause death. A number of babies have died in the UK because of the current outbreak
Young babies are particularly at risk because they are vulnerable until they can be immunised against whooping cough from 2 months of age.
Information concerning your vaccination history can only be issued by the Practice Nurse or Doctor. Reception staff are not qualified to release this information to you. As your vaccination status/history is very important, your records require to be checked by a clinician. To obtain your vaccination history please submit this request in writing to the Practice Manager, Crail Medical Practice, 245 Tollcross Road, Glasgow, G31 4UW.
Please allow at least 14 days for your reply, there is a £10 admin fee for this service; please enclose your payment with your request, making your cheque or postal order payable to Drs Aitken & Douglas.